Ovarian cancer treatment can be rendered in several ways. Before a particular treatment method is recommended, the doctor usually looks at several things for instance how far the cancer has spread and how severe it is as well as how well the patient will handle the treatment.
Most times when someone has been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, the news tends to render women somewhat unable to make the right decisions in terms of treatment. For this reason therefore, it is important that you rely on a good doctor to recommend the appropriate treatment option for you. Before treatment can begin, always seek a second opinion about the presence of the disease from another expert. This will help you not to treat yourself in a manner that is harmful to you yet there might not even be any ovarian cancer.
Generally speaking, the commonest ovarian cancer treatment options that are available include surgery and chemotherapy though sometimes radiotherapy is also recommended. Surgery is mostly recommended for the cancer that is still restricted to within the ovary. In the event that a patient has a more severe case of the ovarian cancer, both surgery and chemotherapy might be used.
Surgery tends to offer positive results if performed by someone who is a professional at gynecologic oncology which deals specifically with cancers that affect the female reproductive system. Such a person usually deals not only with ovarian cancer but also cervical cancer, uterine cancer, vulvar cancer and endometrial cancer. If the disease has spread, it requires special efforts to make sure that the parts where it has spread are not affected during the process of surgery.
In situations where the cancer is at a more severe and advanced stage, it is important to do away with as much of the cancerous cells as possible. Depending on the size of the tumor, the surgery may require removal of tumors from less than 1cm in diameter to more than 10 cm in diameter.
The chemotherapy procedure is looked at more as one of the long term care alternatives for ovarian cancer. It is usually recommended after surgery has been carried out. The major purpose of the chemotherapy in the ovarian cancer treatment is to ensure in case there are any residual effects of the disease, they are swept away completely. This however will depend on the nature of the ovarian cancer. There are some kinds of ovarian cancer types that might not respond at all to chemotherapy while there are other kinds that will respond positively to the chemotherapy.
Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy is particularly recommended for people whose ovarian cancer has gone beyond stage IIIC. The use of the intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy has however not been standardized as a fully recommended treatment for ovarian cancer even though it tends to work as a first time treatment.
Radiation therapy is also at times recommended as an ovarian cancer treatment option although this is not good for the later stages of the disease. This is simply because when the important organs are exposed to radiation, it is difficult and very risky to have the right dose monitored. Therefore at the late stages, this form of treatment is avoided as the important organs might not be able to handle the after effects.
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