The most basic colon cancer definition that you might come across is one that looks at this cancer as a cancer that attacks the colon or large intestine. The large intestines are the lower part of the digestive system and this cancer particularly attacks these parts. There is another kind of cancer known as rectal cancer and this one along with the colon cancer are usually referred to as the colorectal cancers. The rectal cancer usually attacks the final parts of the colon.
In the colon cancer definition, there is recognition of the fact that a majority of the cases of this colon cancer are known to actually begin as little and often small non-cancerous clumps of cells which are said to be benign. These small clumps are often known as adenomatous polyps and it is over a certain period of time that these polyps end up becoming the fully blown colon cancer.
Colon cancer is basically a cancer where the malignant cancer cells begin to form within the colon tissues. The digestive system works in such a way that it is able to process the nutrients like proteins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins as well as water from the various foods that we eat. Eventually, the waste products are passed out at the end of the entire process. The entire digestive system consists of the stomach, esophagus, large intestines and small intestines. The initial 6 feet of the larger intestines are known as the large bowels or the colon. The final 6 inches are known as the rectum as well as the anal canal which ends at the anus which is the large intestine opening to the outside of the body.
To put it simply, a colon cancer definition has to bring to light the fact that the colon is generally the part of the digestive system where there is storage of waste material. When colon cancer is said to be developing, it means that there is a tumor beginning to develop in the inner walls of the large intestines or colon. Whether the tumors are benign and easily dealt with or they are cancerous and difficult to deal with, thes cancers have the capacity to spread further than just the colon.
In the colon cancer definition, it is also highlighted that colon cancer is actually not contagious and that there are some people who have higher chances of developing the colon cancer as compared to others. It is important to know what the factors that heighten one’s chances of developing the cancer are. Some of these factors include having a family history of people suffering from the cancer and have polyps within your large intestines.
It is common knowledge that colon cancer develops the cells that are healthy begin to split in an unusual and exaggerated way. This often leads to the creation of the cancerous cells within the inner linings of the large intestine. Some of the treatment options include radiation therapy as well as surgery and the use of certain drugs and chemicals.