The cervix is that part at the end of the uterus which is shaped like a pear and is somewhat narrow. It is the part that connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer is a cancer that develops over a period of time. Just before this cancer has started to develop, the cervix cells go through a phase of changes called dysplasia. During this time, the cells spread into the cervix and the areas near the cervix. Cervical Cancer Treatment is usually done according to the stages of the cancer.
Stage O Cervical Cancer treatment can be done through a number of options for instance Cryosurgery, Laser surgery, Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), Conization, Internal radiation therapy for those women who are not able to have surgery and Total hysterectomy for those women who are not able to or might not want to have children anymore.
Microinvasive cancer or Stage 1A is treated through hysterectomy. This is a process that entails the removal of the entire uterus as well as some parts of the vagina. When it comes to Stage 1A2, there is lymph node removal. In some instances, the alternative treatment for females who might want to continue bearing children would have to be a surgical procedure. Some of the surgical procedures that can be used include cone biopsy and loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP) among others.
In case cone biopsy does not create any positive results, one could opt for trachelectomy. This procedure is focused on surgically removing the cancer while attempting to preserve the uterus and ovaries. This method of cervical cancer treatment is not entirely standard because not so many doctors are well skilled with the expertise to carry out the procedure.
The early and first stages of the Cervical Cancer (IB1 and IIA less than 4 cm) can equally be treated through the process of radical hysterectomy. This treatment would essentially involve lymph node removal or radiation therapy. The option of radiation therapy is usually given in form of an external beam radiotherapy which is done to the pelvis as well as brachytherapy or internal radiation.
During the later stages of the cancer, some of the cervical cancer treatment options include radiation therapy as well as cisplatin-based chemotherapy among others. Another treatment could be hysterectomy which will eventually call for adjuvant radiation therapy. Apart from these treatment options, cisplatin chemotherapy could be done after which hysterectomy is done.
More advanced and serious stages of the cancer (IIB-IVA) can be treated using radiation therapy couple with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The treatment of Stages III and IVA of the cervical cancer can be done through external and internal radiation therapy together with chemotherapy.
For the late stage (IVB) cervical cancer there is a combination treatment which was approved as legitimate and helpful. This treatment was approved on June 15, 2006 and it includes the use of two chemotherapy drugs cisplatin and hycamtin for women who had the late stage cancer. The treatment was approved by US Food and Drug Administration despite showing a risk in side effects of anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia.
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